Mode Of Transport : Explanation Of Combined Transport And Its Types

Posted by Jerald
Combined Mode Of Transport

Combined Mode Of Transport

As you can easily guess, combined transport involves the use of more than one mode of transport. The rule is to use only one load on the entire transport route and use rail, inland waterway or sea transport. The route of which exceeds 100 km in a straight line, and the delivery and exit routes to the main means of transport are carried out with the help of road transport. 

More specifically, according to the Road Transport Act. In the first and last sections of the route, one of the following units is involved. Such as truck, swap body, container, trailer, semi-trailer with or without a drawing unit. 

It is worth noting that the starting and ending section means Mode Of Transport between the point,. Where things are loaded via the nearest railway loading station or port etc. and vice versa for the final leg. It can also be transported within a radius not exceeding 150 km. As the crow flies from an inland or sea port, from loading or unloading.

Briefly summarized, combined transport, simplified, is where one loading unit is brought by road to or from a point . Where the rest is carried out by rail, inland waterways or sea. This type can also be of different types, the following are the most important:

Bimodal transport

This type of transport involves the use of two means of transport. E.g. road and rail, without the use of goods reloading. The construction costs of the terminal are not high and the risk of operator error is very low. 

Intermodal Mode Of Transport

It uses at least two mode of transport and transports only one loading unit in the form of a container or swap body. It is distinguished by the need for only one contract for goods transportation and only one contractor. who is in charge of the unit’s distribution and the freight unit’s delivery?

The goods should not be transhipped when changing modes of transportation in this situation. Intermodal transport is also classified according to the range. According to the type of loading units used, according to the nature of the operator (direct or indirect), according to the nature of the means of transport used (road, rail, river, sea, air and its various combinations) ).

Multimodal transport

Traditionally, it takes place with the help of at least two different modes of transport. Based on a single contract, with the only difference to intermodal transport. It is distinguished by the possibility of changing the loading unit, it makes it possible to change the initial unit. The key element is the operator of a multimodal transport system. 

This function can be performed by a freight forwarder, logistician or carrier. When signing the contract, the operator takes full responsibility for the goods in transport. Its completeness, damage and problems during transport. 

He has the possibility to enter into contracts with other carriers which would allow the services offered to be improved. In which case he is responsible for monitoring and coordinating their work. There are indirect operators using the services of subcontractors and direct,

Broken Mode Of Transport

Types of Combined Mode Transport

It transports goods using two different means of transport from one industry. Briefly explaining, it takes place when at one stage it is carried out e.g. by a delivery vehicle, i.e. by road transport, and at a later stage. It is operated in the same branch of services, but e.g. by a truck.

Cabotage transport

We talk about cabotage transport when a company provides transport services as part of its business activity in a country where it is not established. These are Mode Of Transport using sea, air and rail freight by an enterprise registered in another country. In accordance with the applicable regulations of the European Union, cabotage transports may be performed only after unloading as part of international transport. This makes it impossible to reload in a country other than the country in which the carrier is registered. 

However, the transport company has the right to cabotage. The goods are partially unloaded, upon arrival, in one of the Member States. It can only be carried out with the vehicle that transported the load. The law also regulates the number of transports.

Transmission Mode Of Transport

It is distinguished by the Mode Of Transport of goods only with the help of pipelines, conveyor belts, cables. The entire network is adapted to the transport of only one type of cargo, i.e. gas, liquids – crude oil, electricity.

As you can easily guess, combined transport involves the use of more than one mode of transport. The rule is to use only one load on the entire transport route and use rail, inland waterway or sea transport. The route of which exceeds 100 km in a straight line, and the delivery and exit routes to the main means of transport are carried out with the help of road transport. 

More specifically, according to the Road Transport Act, one of the following units is involved in the initial and final section of the route: truck, swap body, container, trailer, semi-trailer with or without a drawing unit. 

It is worth noting that the starting and ending section means Mode Of Transport between the point. Where things are loaded via the nearest railway loading station or port etc. and vice versa for the final leg. It can also be transported within a radius not exceeding 150 km. The crow flies from an inland or sea port, from loading or unloading.

Briefly summarized, combined transport, simplified, is where one loading unit is brought by road to or from a point where the rest is carried out by rail, inland waterways or sea. This type can also be of different types, the following are the most important:

Bimodal transport

This type of transport involves the use of two means of transport, e.g. road and rail, without the use of goods reloading. The construction costs of the terminal are not high and the risk of operator error is very low. 

Intermodal transport

It uses at least two mode of transport and transports only one loading unit in the form of a container or swap body. It is characterized by the need to prepare only one contract for the transport of goods and only one contractor who is responsible for the course of delivery of the unit and the unit of cargo. 

In this case, the goods should not be transhipped while changing the mode of transport. Intermodal transport is also classified according to the range, according to the type of loading units used, according to the nature of the operator (direct or indirect), according to the nature of the means of transport used (road, rail, river, sea, air and its various combinations) ).

Multimodal transport

Traditionally, it takes place with the help of at least two different modes of transport, based on a single contract, with the only difference to intermodal transport. It is distinguished by the possibility of changing the loading unit, it makes it possible to change the initial unit. The key element is the operator of a multimodal transport system. 

This function can be performed by a freight forwarder, logistician or carrier. When signing the contract, the operator takes full responsibility for the goods in transport, its completeness, damage and problems during transport. 

He has the possibility to enter into contracts with other carriers which would allow the services offered to be improved, in which case he is responsible for monitoring and coordinating their work. There are indirect operators using the services of subcontractors and direct.

Broken transport

It transports goods using two different means of transport from one industry. Briefly explaining, it takes place when at one stage it is carried out e.g. by a delivery vehicle, i.e. by road transport, and at a later stage it is operated in the same branch of services, but e.g. by a truck.

Cabotage transport

We talk about cabotage transport when a company provides transport services as part. The business activity in a country where it is not established. These are Mode Of Transport using sea, air and rail freight by an enterprise registered in another country. In accordance with the applicable regulations of the European Union, cabotage transports may be performed only after unloading as part of international transport. This makes it impossible to reload in a country other than the country in which the carrier is registered. 

However, the transport company has the right to cabotage after the goods are partially unloaded, upon arrival, in one of the Member States. It can only be carried out with the vehicle that transported the load. The law also regulates the number of transports.

Transmission transport

It is distinguished by the Mode Of Transport of goods only with the help of pipelines, conveyor belts, cables. The entire network is adapted to the transport of only one type of cargo, i.e. gas, liquids – crude oil, electricity.

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